The Childhood Trust defines children as living in poverty when they lack an acceptable level of material resources and experiences relative to their peers. This includes but is not limited to having a nutritious diet, participation in leisure and recreational activities, and living in homes with a minimum standard of basic amenities such as furniture, cooking facilities, hot running water, heating and free from damp and mould. All children should live free from the stress and uncertainty caused by not having enough household income to achieve these things.
The Children's Commissioner for England estimates that over 3 million children in England are living in households that have lost between 20% and 47% of their annual income. A significant portion of these households were in poverty prior to the pandemic.